Low-carb and ketogenic diets are popular among clinicians and patients, but the appropriateness of reducing carbohydrates intake in obese patients and in patients with diabetes is still debated. Studies in the literature are indeed controversial, possibly because these diets are generally poorly defined; this, together with the intrinsic complexity of dietary interventions, makes it difficult to compare results from different studies. Despite the evidence that reducing carbohydrates intake lowers body weight and, in patients with type 2 diabetes, improves glucose control, few data are available about sustainability, safety and efficacy in the long-term. In this review we explored the possible role of low-carb and ketogenic diets in the pathogenesis and management of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Furthermore, we also reviewed evidence of carbohydrates restriction in both pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes, through gut microbiota modification, and treatment of type 1 diabetes, addressing the legitimate concerns about the use of such diets in patients who are ketosis-prone and often have not completed their growth. According to the International Diabetes Federation 8th Diabetes Atlas, about million people worldwide have diabetes and, if the current trends continue, million of people aged 20—79 will have diabetes by [ 1 ]. Nutrition is key for preventing type 2 diabetes T2D and obesity, but there are no evidence-based data defining the best dietary approach to prevent and treat these conditions. In the last decades, low carbohydrate diets LCD and ketogenic diets KD have become widely known and popular ways to lose weight, not only within the scientific community, but also among the general public, with best-selling dedicated books or intense discussion on social media networks staying at the top of the diet trend list for years.
Fish oil contains omega-3s, which may support hair growth. There are seemingly endless options to curate a diet to meet every notion or need. Long-term consumption of a Mediterranean diet improves postprandial lipemia in patients with type 2 diabetes: The Cordioprev randomized trial. Keto arepas with chicken and avocado. The use of those diets in patients with type 1 diabetes is still controversial and their long-term safety is still unproven. The impact of diet and lifestyle on gut microbiota and human health. Pepper-crusted beef tenderloin with herbed steak sauce. Esposito K.
Diabets for ketp diet
Interest in the Ketogenic diet grows for weight loss and type 2 diabetes. Aguirre Castaneda R. Medically reviewed by Grant Tinsley, PhD. In animal models, studies about the impact of LCD on metabolism and diabetes have yielded different and sometimes controversial results. Writing—original draft preparation, A. Under review. Moreover, the LCD achieved greater improvements in lipid profile possibly explained by fat quality in the low-carb diet, which was high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat, blood glucose variability, and reduction of diabetes medication [ 47 ].